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POTENTIAL THREAT TO LABOUR LAW WITH THE EXPANSION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Author: Keerthana R Chelluri, IV year of B.B.A.,LL.B. from Symbiosis Law School, Hyderabad


INTRODUCTION TO THE NEW AND TECHNOLOGICALLY ADVANCED WORLD

Technology is continually changing and upgrading, so no wonder that it impacts all current manufacturing sectors. Businesses have now implemented several improvements that have completely changed the way those things are dealt with. The patterns that are currently emerging in markets would have a significant influence on company performance. Apart from conjecture, the truth is that IA and machine learning innovations are now changing the corporate world. And the transition has just commenced.


We are in the middle of fundamental reform that fundamentally transforms the market and industry. This revaluation is known as the 4th industrial uprising or business revolution 4.0. The way our workplaces and the environment operate, as it has been in the past three transformations, is responsible for immense metamorphosis. Mechanism started in the 1770s with the First Technological Revolution. three decades after the Second Industrial Revolution[1] produced power, mass manufacturing and assembly lines. Computers and robotics were initiated during the Third Industrial Revolution. With our deeper entrance into Industry 4.0's modern future, intelligent factories, wired machines and smart robots alter our working atmosphere and even technical roles such as marketing. The great impact depends on artificial intelligence, which can be an app between corporations and their customers. AI can simplify experiences even better than they are. The way consumer data is treated by AI is expected to revolutionise.


The management of sales and customer loyalty should be enhanced. Researchers agree that AI will think like people and balance company interests with consumers' needs. The technologies will make this approachable by designing strategies to include the administrators of the service need to better understand their clients. This development will be immensely helpful for all firms regardless of their particular needs. This contributes to the prompt provision of customised services for each customer. Progress in technology is tied directly to personalisation, which companies foresee by 2020. The new pattern relates to ecosystem growth. The classical operating rules and rivalry between them have been entirely replaced by platform firms that provide a single point of entry for a variety of services. They don't only need a network plan, they still need a holistic approach to ecosystems to separate themselves between the modern Tech age. Human-centric approaches will be pursued in the immediate future. Developing inventions which are capable of embracing and enabling individuals to change the game in the industry. It is difficult in big businesses to pay attention to and customer's interests and desires from all directions.

IMPACT ON PRODUCTIVITY AND EMPLOYABILITY THROUGH AI

The primary long-term driver of economic growth is competitiveness. The key engine of productivity development is technology-enabled innovation. However, paradoxically, as emerging technology boomed, productivity growth slowed. For the last fifteen years or so, among the industrial economies, it has averaged below half of the previous fifteen years. Despite historically low-interest rates, the continued weakness of investment poses questions about the possibility of secular stagnation. Low productivity growth[2], acquisitions and related changes in the business systems and trends have strengthened each other. Technological frontier industries have gained substantial efficiency gains, but there has been a poorer effect on productivity in businesses. New developments aim to deliver the most efficient effects. The skills needed to serve a broad spectrum of market functions shift thanks to AI. Emily He, ORACLE's senior vice president of human resources operations, says there will be a massive amount of job redesign. Many routine jobs are streamlined by technologies.


Time and effort for repeating assignments are reorganised in higher work. Around the same time, businesses are constantly competing for potential employers that will work side by side with robots. Corporate executives need to collaborate with their workers to consider how responsibilities shift as the workload of AI increases. The C-suite and HR would then have to work together to generate job requirements for the mega workers, to ensure that new employees are willing to do new jobs.


The redesign is achieved through the HR function, management and the workers themselves as observed the growth of artificial intelligence and the advancement of machine learning has been taking place for some time now but the sophistication of how AI evolves in the future is what this technology is to be its own. AI's technology is not just a modern technology but also a growing array of other industries. Because more can be completed with less or however much time technology can largely improve efficiency. Technology[3] often helps the individual to perform more meaningful work if the transactional aspect of the routine can be streamlined.


This results in greater use of the skills which can contribute to higher efficiency in turn. It may also mean fewer staff pressures in an organization to do the same amount of work. In this term, artificial intelligence is machines which imitate cognitive functions that human beings associate with other human brains, such as learning and solving problems. For many, the concept that robots will generate a vision, fueled by films and series, of a mechanical human type. What people cannot realize, however, is that we have AI and robots already at various levels in our current daily lives. Virtual chatbots are now a well-used client service tool for many companies' Digital frontage and self-service machines.

You will also define the right IT plan for your business from your constructive IT role. Each company is different, so you will be able to make clearer decisions about when to start your integrations and what to expect with regards to ROI when you know exactly what you are trying to achieve and clearly understand what is achievable with AI.


The cultivation of skills in-house would allow businesses to compete dramatically. Vince Dawkines[4], President & CEO of the Enertia Software, maker of business applications for the upstream petroleum and gas industry, says AI needs vast quantities of secure, structured data to support decision making. Through educating workers to perform these tasks, and supplying AI with the resources it needs to achieve, organizations are beginning their AI execution at a high level. "At present, contemporary corporations face an important lack of technological expertise, which means that many companies may need to improve their existing skills and not recruit new employees. Companies who wish to integrate AI-first need to ensure that they truly profit from these technologies through the evidence and the workers' expertise. Unfortunately, many lack the required know-how to handle a technologically rapidly changing setting. This is why it is important to emphasize IT as a key business role for today's management. That will make the business more proactive and flexible and give you an advantage in the marketplace, eventually. The term robotics will also give rise to a feeling of agitation in many customers and the business sector. In future, an ongoing conversation around partnership robots is of great interest for companies, both in the field of customer service and in the area of future-proofing skills.

POSSIBLE SCENARIOS TO BE FACED DUE TO RAPID CHANGES

Technology has significant consequences for labour markets. The market for labour for automation and digital production is changing from routine medium- to middle-level skills to higher, more advanced analytical, technological, and managerial skills. All of them even face a levelling off of the job participation rate and the population's basic education achievements. These developments concentrate more on competitiveness and technical advances that fuel economic development.


On the production side, though, expertise complementing emerging innovations lagging, hindering the wider spread of innovation in economies. The race of technology was lost by schooling and preparation. As tax disparity in many economies has risen, inequality in developing markets has decreased because the income gap in industrialized[5] economies is faster increasing. For this global convergence, technology raises new problems.


Output-led growth in emerging markets has been the primary engine of convergent production based on their wide pools of low-skilled, low-wage jobs, driven by their comparative advantage in labour-intensive production. This competitive advantage erodes with low-skill automation, which ensures that new development paths must be established that are compatible with the technological transition. The development has declined as well. In most global economies income inequality has risen and in some of them, such as the United States, growth has been especially marked. Innovations that benefit capital and higher expertise have helped decrease the share of labour income and raise wage disparities. More consolidated market dynamics and high rents from the leading industries were also correlated with these companies. Earnings have moved from labour to capital and both employment and capital representation have become more segregated. The growing disparity and anxiety for unemployment have led to socioeconomic pressures and political divides. In several countries, populism has developed. The nationalist and protectionist feeling rose, with a response to foreign trade that is seen to raise disparity with employment losses and wage inflation for under-skilled workers, in tandem with technological developments.


[1] Google enters airport retail through a tie-up with startup Airbus The Economic Times, https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/small-biz/security-tech/technology/google-enters-airport-retail-through-tie-up-with-startup-airbuy/articleshow/79310564.cms (last visited Nov 20, 2020)

[2] How Technology will Shape the Future of Business - TFOT TFOT, https://thefutureofthings.com/12195-how-technology-will-shape-the-future-of-business/ (last visited Nov 20, 2020)

[3] The Technology Of The Future Is Changing Business Today Forbes, https://www.forbes.com/sites/serenitygibbons/2019/09/19/the-technology-of-the-future-is-changing-business-today/?sh=1718d2c14fe1 (last visited Nov 20, 2020)

[4] Technologies changing the future of business Stories.uq.edu.au, https://stories.uq.edu.au/business/technology-changing-business/index.html (last visited Nov 20, 2020)

[5] Technology and the future of growth: Challenges of change Brookings, https://www.brookings.edu/blog/up-front/2020/02/25/technology-and-the-future-of-growth-challenges-of-change/ (last visited Nov 20, 2020)