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AR AND VR APPLICATIONS IN MEDICAL SCIENCES

Author: K. Anil Kumar Reddy, III year of Btech(Electronics and communication engineering) from Christ University,Bangalore


Currently, the medical applications of Augmented Reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) are found mainly within the following six areas: educational training, clinical assistance, impairment, psychological disorders, rehabilitation training, and personalized fitness. as an example, AR/VR is sometimes used for medical education or surgical simulation training; AR is sometimes accustomed assist surgery or guiding robots to perform surgery; and VR is visiting be used for amblyopia treatment, rehabilitation training, and management of certain mental illnesses. Owing to the high capital input, the VR/AR market is anticipated to point to fast growth within the economic chain within the subsequent three to four years. Despite multiple application spaces of the VR/AR equipment within the longer term, we wish to create sure their compliance with certain safety codes in actual use, to appreciate the management of physical health. Compared to VR, which is utilized primarily for training and simulation, AR is more extensively utilized in medical operations. in line with the good data query of CB Insights, CrunchBase, and AngelList, there are now about 30 start-ups specializing in AR medical applications worldwide. Nine of them are financed, with a crammed with $552 million, revealing a 30% investment attraction rate. the appliance of AR in treatment remains within the exploration stage. Markets and Markets research group estimates that the medical VR market is predicted to grow to $5 billion by 2023 at a compound annual rate of growth of 36.6%.


VR and AR technologies applications

VR and AR technologies are now most actively utilized in medicine to rearrange and perform surgeries. Three-dimensional data from CT and MRI scans help to form a game model of a patient and steel onself for surgery taking into consideration risks and potential problems. Surgeons are using these machines for several years to rearrange for particularly complex interventions. For example, the VR-based Surgical Theater platform helps plan neurosurgical surgeries within the U.S. and Israel. Using this solution in 2021, Soroka center (Israel) performed the foremost complex surgery to separate twins with conjoined heads. Using Surgical Theater, doctors created interactive 3D and VR models that allowed them to review problem areas through a special headset. Next, the operation was designed. At the last stage, using SNAP (Surgical Navigation Advanced Platform), the created scheme was transferred to the surgical navigation system of the realm.


VR and AR solutions for Medicine in Testing and Research

For anesthesia, or rather to chop back pain; For treatment of dementia, system lesions, and mental disorders; To help the blind and visually impaired; To diagnose diseases, including Parkinson's disease; To develop communication skills moreover as empathy; VR and AR offer numerous benefits that help doctors. They also provide quality-of-life improvements for patients, including those with severe disorders, dementia, or other psychological conditions.